Rotary Hearth Furnace
When you look to purchase anything in life, you always feel more comfortable when you go to the experts. Surface Combustion has more than 100 years of experience with thermal systems, The rotary hearth style of furnace allows for placement of large pieces or baskets of product onto a solid refractory or alloy hearth from which point they rotate like a lazy susan mechanism from the point of entry around in a horizontal circular motion until the rotation is complete. The load may be retracted through the same entry door or through a separate exit door near by the entry door. There are two styles of rotary hearth furnaces. The first has an open heat chamber, and the second has an enclosed cylinder in the center and is used where temperature uniformity is critical in the exiting pieces.
Surface® Combustion’s rotary hearth design starts with the hearth. It can be a refractory hearth made of hard brick and/or castable refractory or it can be an alloy hearth. The rotary hearth furnace design is sealed from the outside environment via oil or an oil substitute type of fluid. The drive of the hearth is via electric motor to a pinion which drives into arced segmented rack gears on the bottom of the hearth. It can also be via a chain wrapped around the hearth perimeter which is driven by a sprocket. This hearth arrangement is positioned inside of a heated environment. Heating can be via electric heating or direct or indirect gas firing. The loads can be processed in a stepped or semi-continuous fashion where the load moves one position at a time or in a true continuous fashion. Atmospheres can be endothermic (RX®), exothermic (DX®) or nitrogen. The processes performed are most often hardening or annealing. This rotary hearth furnace design is most often used when press or fixture quenching is desired. Automatic or manually actuated grippers reach into the furnace exit door and retract parts for placement into die press quenches. Here, parts such as ring gears are captured and restrained as they are quenched in oil or polymer to minimize distortion. This is the most common application of where a rotary hearth furnace design is used. The operating temperature range is typically from 1400°F to 2200°F as this is a radiant/conduction style of heat transfer to the load.
Insulations used in the hot zone can be brick or fiber. Heating elements are traditionally rod overbend style that are electrically isolated from the steel casing. Gas fired models can include indirect heated radiant tube or direct fired burners.
Hearth style is selected based on the product range and the temperature of the process. Higher temperature annealing of stainless materials typically requires a refractory hearth to withstand processing temperatures over 2250°F. Lower temperature hardening applications most often use an alloy hearth.
Custom sizing 6’ to 80’ to meet your processing needs
Ceramic Fiber or Brick insulating systems
Maximum operating temperatures up to 2250°F
Electric, direct gas fired (recuperative and regenerative) and radiant tube systems available
Alloy or refractory hearth systems
Controls meeting the requirements of AMS-2750 or CQI-9 can be provided as requested
Wide speed control range
Automatic and robotic loading systems available
Recirculating fans available
Single- or multiple-door designs available
Multiple temperature zones available
Reheating for Press Quench
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